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Chapter 10: General rules relating to the scope of the hull insurance

  • Clause 10-1. Objects insured

    The insurance covers:

    • the ship,
    • equipment on board and spare parts for the ship and its equipment, provided that the equipment or spare parts belong to the assured or have been borrowed, leased or purchased with a vendor's lien or similar encumbrance,
    • bunkers and lubricating oil on board.


    The insurance does not cover:

    • provisions, engine and deck accessories and other articles intended for consumption,
    • boats and equipment used for fishing, whaling, sealing and similar activities,
    • loose objects exclusively intended for securing or protecting the cargo,
    • loose containers intended for the carriage of cargo.
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    Clause 10-1. Objects insured

    In 2016 the word “supplies” in sub-clause 2 (a) was replaced by “provisions”. The reason was that the word “supplies” is too wide and may unintentionally expand the scope of the exception from cover under the hull insurance. The heading has been changed in connection with the extension of the sco...

  • Clause 10-2. Objects, etc. temporarily removed from the ship

    The insurance also covers objects referred to in Cl. 10-1, sub-clause 1, which are temporarily removed from the ship in connection with the running of the ship or on account of repairs, reconstruction or similar work, provided that the objects are intended to be put back on board before departure.

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    Clause 10-2. Objects, etc. temporarily removed from the ship

    This Clause was amended in the 2013 Plan. Sub-clauses 2 and 3, which concerned insurance of fishing vessels and freighters, where then moved to the new Cl. 17-7A. Sub-clause 1 corresponds to the 2010  Plan and establishes an extensive cover for objects that are temporarily removed from the ship....

  • Clause 10-3. Loss due to ordinary use

    The insurer is not liable for loss that is a normal consequence of the use of the ship and its equipment.

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    Clause 10-3. Loss due to ordinary use

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 150 of the 1964 Plan. The provision reflects a central principle of insurance law, viz. that the insurance shall only cover unforeseeable or unpredictable losses. The Clause excludes from the insurance cover certain losses which are regarded as regular operating...

  • Clause 10-4. Insurance "on full conditions"

    Unless otherwise agreed, the hull insurer is liable for total loss, damage and collision liability in accordance with Chapters 11 to 13.

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    Clause 10-4. Insurance "on full conditions"

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 151 of the 1964 Plan. Insurance “on full conditions” means that the assured has the full normal cover that follows from the rules of the Plan relating to hull insurance. Any limitations to this cover must be agreed specifically. On the other hand, “full conditions”...

  • Clause 10-5. Insurance "against total loss only" (T.L.O.)

    If the insurance is effected "against total loss only", the insurer is liable for total loss in accordance with the rules in Chapter 11.

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    Clause 10-5. Insurance “against total loss only” (T.L.O.)

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 152 of the 1964 Plan. Insurance “against total loss only” occurs in very special situations, e.g. in connection with the towage of a ship that is to be sent to the breaker’s yard. In that event the insurer will only be liable for total loss in accordance with the...

  • Clause 10-6. Insurance "against total loss and general average contribution only"

    If the insurance is effected "against total loss and general average contribution only", the insurer is liable for:

    • total loss in accordance with the rules in Chapter 11,
    • general average contributions and loss arising from assumed general average, cf. Cl. 4-7, Cl. 4-8, Cl. 4-9 and Cl. 4-11.
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    Clause 10-6. Insurance “against total loss and general average contribution only”

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 153 of the 1964 Plan. As mentioned in the preceding clause, it is necessary under a “pure” total-loss insurance to split up each general average statement and only cover the contribution to the extent that it concerns sacrifices that have been made in connection wi...

  • Clause 10-7. Insurance "against total loss, general average contribution and collision liability only"

    If the insurance is effected "against total loss, general average contribution and collision liability only", the insurer is liable for :

    • total loss in accordance with the rules in Chapter 11,
    • general average contribution and loss arising from assumed general average, cf. Cl. 4-7, Cl. 4-8, Cl. 4-9 and Cl. 4-11,
    • liability to third parties in accordance with the rules in Chapter 13.
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    Clause 10-7. Insurance “against total loss, general average contribution and collision liability only”

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 154 of the 1964 Plan. Hull insurance under this Clause covers the same things as insurance in accordance with the preceding clause, plus collision liability to third parties, cf. Chapter 13 of the Plan. The insurer’s liability for loss in connection with measures t...

  • Clause 10-8. Insurance "on stranding terms"

    If the insurance is effected "on stranding terms", the insurer is liable for:

    • total loss in accordance with the rules in Chapter 11,
    • general average contribution and loss arising from assumed general average, cf. Cl. 4-7, Cl. 4-8, Cl. 4-9 and Cl. 4-11,
    • liability to third parties in accordance with the rules in Chapter 13,
    • damage to the ship which is a result of:
      • the ship having run aground under such circumstances that it cannot be refloated without assistance;
      • the ship having capsized in such a manner that the masts are in the water or it is bottom up;
      • the ship having collided with another ship or with an iceberg;
      • a fire or an explosion, with the exception of damage caused in the engine room by a fire or explosion originating there.
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    Clause 10-8. Insurance "on stranding terms"

    This Clause is identical to Cl. 155 of the 1964 Plan. This provision affords the same cover as Cl. 10-7, plus a limited cover against damage and against loss in connection with measures taken to avert such damage. The provision will hardly be of any great significance in connection with ordinary...

  • Clause 10-9. Duration of voyage insurance

    A voyage insurance attaches from the moment the ship starts loading cargo or ballast. If the ship is neither to load cargo nor ballast, the insurance attaches from the moment the ship weighs anchor or slips its moorings in order to sail.

    The insurance remains in effect until the ship has discharged its cargo or ballast at the appointed destination. If the assured fails to arrange for the discharge to proceed with reasonable speed, the insurance terminates at the time when the discharge operation should have been completed. If the ship is not to discharge either cargo or ballast, the insurance terminates when the ship has dropped anchor or is moored at a customary anchorage or mooring place.

    If the ship, at the destination, starts loading cargo or ballast for a new voyage before discharging of the old cargo or ballast has been completed, the insurance terminates when the ship starts loading cargo or ballast.

    If the voyage is abandoned after the insurance has attached, the place where the voyage ends shall be regarded as the destination.

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    Clause 10-9. Duration of voyage insurance

    This clause is identical to Cl. 156 of the 1964 Plan. Hull insurance is normally effected for a specific period of time, and the provision will consequently not be of any great practical significance. When deciding whether discharging “is proceeding with reasonable speed”, the issue of whether th...

  • Clause 10-10. Extension of the insurance

    If, upon expiry of the insurance period, the ship has sustained damage for which the insurer is liable and which is of such a nature that repairs are necessary to make the ship compliant with technical and operational safety requirements, the insurance is extended until the ship has dropped anchor or has been moored at the first place where permanent repairs can be effected. If repairs are carried out at that place, the insurance is extended until the repairs are completed.

    If it has been agreed that the new insurance shall attach from the moment the old one should have terminated, the time of attachment of the new insurance shall be adjusted correspondingly. If the ship leaves the port of repairs before the old insurance should have expired pursuant to Cl. 1-5, liability is transferred to the new insurer at the time of sailing.

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    Clause 10-10. Extension of the insurance

    Sub-clause 1 was amended in the 2007 version in accordance with the amendments to the rules regarding seaworthiness and safety regulations in Cl. 3-22. The Clause otherwise corresponds to earlier versions of the 1996 Plan. Under sub-clause 1 in the earlier versions, the insurance was to be extend...

  • Clause 10-11. Liability of the insurer if the ship is salvaged by the assured

    If the ship is salvaged by another vessel belonging to the assured, the insurer is liable as if the salvage operation had been carried out by a third party.

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    Clause 10-11. Liability of the insurer if the ship is salvaged by the assured

    This Clause corresponds to Cl. 159 of the 1964 Plan. Under Section 442, second sub-clause, of the Norwegian Maritime Code, a salvage award may be claimed even if the salvaging ship and the salvaged ship belong to the same owner. The rule allows the crew to claim their share of the salvage award...

  • Clause 10-12. Reduction of liability in consequence of an interest insurance

    If the assured receives compensation under a hull interest insurance or a freight interest insurance, and the amount paid under the respective insurances exceeds 25 % of the agreed insurable value applicable to the hull insurance against the same perils, the hull insurer's liability is reduced correspondingly.

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    Clause 10-12. Reduction of liability in consequence of an interest insurance

    This Clause corresponds to Cl. 160 of the 1964 Plan, Cefor I.13 and PIC Cl. 5.28. Under Cl. 160 of the 1964 Plan, the hull insurer’s liability was reduced if the assured received compensation under a hull-interest insurance in an amount that exceeded 25% of the agreed hull value. For freight-inte...